Chongqing is a port city situated in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River at the confluence of the Yangtze and Jialing Rivers in Southwest China. With an area of 82,400 square kilometers (31, 800 square miles), Chongqing shares borders with the provinces of Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou, Sichuan, and Shaanxi.
Renowned as the Mountain City, Chongqing attracts visitors from home and abroad for its cultural heritage and tourist attractions, which include many caves, hot springs and gorges.
Chongqing is one of four municipalities in China, and is technically the largest city in China per surface area. The city has also served as the capital of China for seven years during the late 1930′s and early 1940′s during the Anti-Japanese War. While independent since 1997, it was historically and culturally part of South-East Sichuan and still shares the same love for hot and spicy food dishes. Chongqing itself is famous for its fierce hotpot dishes.
In 2017, the municipality of Chongqing has a population of over 36 million.
Chongqing has a humid subtropical climate, with the two-season monsoonal variations typical of South Asia. The annual average temperature is 18 C (64 F) to 20 C (68 F) with a low temperature of 4 C (39 F) in winter and a high temperature of 40 C (104 F) in summer. Chongqing’s summers are among the hottest in China, with highs of around 33 °C (91 °F) in August, in the central portions of the city. Yet even in the hottest weather the wind is often cool, making such high temperatures more bearable.
The Sichuan Dialect, also known as Sichuanese, is spoken by approximately 120 million people throughout China. The dialect is similar to neighboring provinces Guizhou and Yunnan. Although not particularly difficult for Mandarin speakers to understand, there are differences in the tonal characteristics, the most apparent one being in the 3rd and 4th tone, which are the exact inverse of the standard Mandarin tones. This means that many words may be confused, for example “to buy” and “to sell.”
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Chongqing is expected to see one of the largest increases of retail developments in China in the coming years, with many international retailers focusing on expanding in the city.
The automobile and motorcycle industries in Chongqing together with those in Shanghai, Changchun and Shiyan make up the four biggest motor vehicle manufacturing centers in the country. Chongqing is now considered the third biggest provider in China within the automobile industry.
Chongqing has enormous demands for consumption and investment. This attributes to its large population, the improvement of people’s living and the emigration of residents and relocation of factories to Chongqing.
Did you know?
The city of Chongqing created the world’s largest public bathroom in July 2007. The bathroom is a four story building with 1,000 toilets uniquely shaped.
The Three Gorges on the Yangtze River in Chongqing has become the largest geological park in China, with an area of 25,000 square kilometers.